How Can Diabetes Affect Your Eyes?

How Can Diabetes Affect Your Eyes?

Diabetes has become a common ailment in today’s generation. You can find several instances of not just seniors, but even adults and kids suffering from diabetes. It is a condition where your body’s ability to control sugar gets affected and you develop risk of losing your vision. This is termed as diabetic eye disease. In fact, it has become a leading cause of blindness in middle-aged adults. However, early diagnosis and lifestyle changes can help in preventing diabetes-related issues says the optometrist in Hiawassee.

Why is High Blood Sugar a Problem?

Having a high level of sugar in blood for a long duration can damage the vessels, which supply blood to the vital organs. If the sugar levels are not controlled, it can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, nerve problems, and diabetic eye disease.

Why is Diabetic Eye Disease?

Diabetes can affect eyes in various ways, but the most common condition is diabetic retinopathy. It has been observed to be the leading cause of moderate to severe vision loss. The condition occurs when the blood vessels at the back of the retina get damaged. During the initial stage, the blood vessels may bulge or leak. If the leakage increases, it can build up in surrounding retinal tissue and lead to swelling. Without treatment, the swelling can cause fuzzy spots in the central vision making it difficult to read, drive, or identify faces.

What Symptoms Should You Look Out For?

During the initial phase, there may be no symptom at all. Just because there is no symptom it does not mean that there is no issue. Regular eye check up in diabetic people is necessary to prevent vision loss.

Many diabetic patients eventually develop macular edema or proliferative retinopathy, which, if left untreated, can cause blurred vision or decrease in vision while seeing black/ red spots. If there has been a sudden increase in the number or size of these spots along with blurred vision, shadow in central or side vision or significant decrease in vision, you need to see an Ophthalmologist near you.

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