The 10 Most Common Eye Problems

The 10 Most Common Eye Problems

Our eyes are personal cameras through which we view and record the world. Unfortunately, while they are powerful, they are also quite fragile and can be afflicted by many diseases that can drastically decrease their performance. In this blog post, we’ll be going over the 10 most common eye problems.

Cataracts

Cataracts are commonly associated with having cloudy, milky white vision. The cause is mostly age related, but UV damage also contributes to the development of the disease.

Keratoconus

Usually, our corneas are dome shaped like a spherical ball. However, when suffering from Keratoconus, the collagen in the cornea becomes weak – causing the structure to become cone shaped. This can cause serious, permanent vision loss if not treated immediately.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Having type 1 or 2 diabetes means that insulin levels aren’t as stable as they should be leading to an increase in blood sugar. This blood sugar can pile up in the back of the blood vessels behind the eye and prevent the eyes from receiving proper nutrition, eventually leading to blindness.

Macular Degeneration

This eye disease occurs when there is damage done to the macula region in the retina. This damage alters the perception of light causing dark spots and blindness.

Refractive Errors

Refractive errors have claimed their title as the MOST common form of vision problems. These errors can occur when the shape of the cornea or retina alters from the natural state.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the more serious eye diseases. It is characterized by the build of pressure behind the eye, forcing the pinching of the optic nerve. If Glaucoma goes untreated, it can lead to permanent vision loss. However, symptoms aren’t visible until it’s almost too late.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia occurs when the structures within the eyeball lose their flexibility. The result of this is the inability to see objects with pinpoint details.

Floaters

Floaters are those tiny dots people complain about seeing in the field of their vision.

Dry Eyes

When the tear ducts can’t produce enough fluid the eyes become dry and irritated, and you may start producing “poor quality” tears.

Tearing

The opposite to dry eyes, tearing is when the tear ducts are too sensitive and produce too many tears. With tearing your eyes are always watering.

Schedule An Eye Exam Today

Please contact the Georgia Vision Center in Hiawassee, GA if you believe you may be at risk for any of these diseases. Prevention is the key to solving eye diseases, so don’t hesitate to come into our office and have your eyes evaluated.

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