The Cause of Dry Eyes

The Cause of Dry Eyes

There are many people who prefer wearing contact lenses over glasses. Some of them become uncomfortable with lenses over the period of time. Even if you wear good quality ones, they can lead to dryness in the eyes, which is commonly known as dry eye syndrome. An ophthalmologist in Hiawassee, GA says that there is a significant portion of people who complain about dry eyes.

The Eyes Have It

Our eyes have only few sources of moisture and one of them is the lacrimal gland in the upper outer quadrant of the eye. The gland produces tears when you cry or when something gets in your eyes. Another source of moisture includes the network of glands embedded in the conjunctiva that produce an oily substance. The mixture of water, mucus, and oil from these two sources make up the tear film on the eye surface.

No More Tears?

As we age, the tear production slows down and the lacrimal glands don’t make as many tears. If some of the other glands slow, you will have problem with tear quality. The result is the dry eye syndrome with symptoms such as burning and grittiness in the eyes.

Other Factors Include:

  • Eye surgery
  • Looking at electronic gadgets for too long without blinking
  • Side effects from medications
  • Underlying conditions
  • Exposure to dust, smoke, and other pollutants
  • Use of contact lens

Don’t Let Dry Eyes Go Untreated

Taking care of dry eyes is important as it not only relieves discomfort but can also help in avoiding infections or scarred cornea. For people who produce enough tears, but have dry eye syndrome, the ophthalmologist recommends a warm compress and gentle eye massage for stimulating the oil glands on the lid margins.

On the other hand, people who are not making enough tears, the doctor recommends artificial tears and medicines that can increase tear production. They can also go for in-office procedure to block tear drainage by inserting plugs into the tear drainage ducts.

While some say caffeine intake can induce tears, excessive caffeine can also lead to jitters and insomnia.

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